a. National Employment Law - NEL - (Law No. 20,744): It rules the majority of labour relationships in their different modalities and the consequences thereof such as, compensation; annual vacation and special leave of absence provisions; holidays and non-working days; daily and weekly working and resting hours; special provisions for women, children; illness; the transfer of the labour contract; its termination; employee’s privileges, etc. Certain activities such as civil service (public sector employment), domestic and rural work are excluded from the NEL and are governed by special laws;
b. Law No. 24,013: It regulates, inter alia, i) temporary personnel service companies, ii) the protection of unemployed workers and iii) applicable fines and penalties for incorrect registration of labour relationships;
c. Law No. 25,877: It amended relevant issues regarding the individual labour relationships, which, mainly, are the following: i) trial period; ii) prior notice, iii) severance payments due to dismissal with no cause, iv) promotion of employment;
d. The social security system and institutions (i.e., pension funds, family allowances, schooling allowances, and health social welfare) are contained in a number of different provisions;
e. Labour Risks Law (Law No. 24,557): It has created a new indemnification system for labour accidents and job-related illnesses and it has been modified and complemented by Decree No. 1,649/2009 on Upgrade of Disability Compensation; Resolution No. 35,550 on Civil Liability Insurance for Occupational Accidents and Diseases; Law No. 26,773 about a New Regime to Organize the Repair of Damage Caused by Occupational Accidents and Diseases; Decree No. 49/2014 on New Illnesses incorporated to the Official List of Occupational Diseases and Decree No. 472/2014 regulating Law No. 26,773;
f. Wage scales and other specific conditions are also ruled by Collective Bargaining Agreements (“CBAs”) negotiated between management of certain industry sectors and union representatives.